Aicardi syndrome is a disorder that is by the partial or total malfunction of the corpus callosum, a mind structure connecting 2 hemispheres inside it. It frequently triggers childhood years seizure (infantile spasms), eye abnormalities or lesions of the retina, and mental retardation.
Aicardi Syndrome also has a link with microcephaly, a brain defect; microgyria, where bumps inside the mind tend to be narrow; or procephalic cysts, a mind problem creating fluids to fill up the spaces the brain. Refresher courses also show that a couple of abnormalities may consist of a cleft lip and vertebral body breakdown.
It is children between 3 to 5 months who are most often suffer with Aicardi Syndrome. Infantile convulsions at this age create neural synapses to shut, therefore, preventing the babies’ mind growth. A baby affected with the syndrome might additionally experience delays in growth.
The neurological disorder was first identified greater than thirty years back, when French physician, Dr. Jean Dennis Aicardi, identified eight children that continuously experience childish convulsions. The physician thinks that the syndrome was due to a shortage in the female chromosome (X).
Hence, the condition just impacts the majority of female infants. Although there is one situation of a child boy who got detection with the syndrome. Presently, there are about 500 reported cases worldwide, with just one instance of brothers or sisters affected by the problem. As a result, it is believed that the condition is a brand-new anomaly and also not all of the relatives may bring defective genetics.
There is currently no treatment for Aicardi Syndrome. The life expectations for a baby affected by Aicardi disorder are dependent on just how serious the condition is.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke (NINDS) is currently doing an extensive research study on Aircardi Syndrome. The purpose is to identify and also better comprehend the genetics involved to be able to locate far better therapy, prevention, and inevitably, treatment for this condition.