types of acne

Different Types of Acne and How to Treat Them

You might listen to the term “outbreak” used to describe all types of acne, but this isn’t always a precise summary. Not various kinds of acne spread across the skin.

These may be credited to:

  • excess manufacturing of oil (sebum)
  • microorganisms
  • hormones
  • dead skin cells
  • ingrown hairs

Acne is generally related to hormonal variations experienced during adolescence; however, adults can experience acne.

Identifying which sort of acne you’re experiencing is crucial to successful treatment. Acne may be non-inflammatory or inflammatory. Sub-types of acne within these two categories include:

  • blackheads
  • whiteheads
  • papules
  • pustules
  • nodules
  • cysts

It is feasible to have different types of acne at the same time. Some instances may also be severe enough to call for a see to the skin doctor. If you are concerned about your acne and do not have a skin doctor, you can see doctors in your location.

Keep reading for more information regarding the subtypes of acne and also just how you can treat them.

Non-inflammatory acne

Non-inflammatory acne includes blackheads and also whiteheads. These do not cause swelling and react well to non-prescription (OTC) therapies.

Salicylic acid is often marketed for acne generally, but it usually functions finest on non-inflammatory acne. It scrubs the skin type, getting rid of dead skin cells that can result in blackheads and whiteheads. Try to find it in cleansers, printer toners, and moisturizers.

Blackheads (open comedones)

Blackheads take place when a pore is clogged by a mix of sebum and dead skin cells. This causes the black color seen on the surface.

Whiteheads (closed comedones)

Whiteheads can additionally create when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. However, unlike with blackheads, the top of the pore closes up. It resembles a tiny bump protruding from the skin.

Whiteheads are harder to deal with as the pores are currently shut. Products consisting of salicylic acid can be handy. Topical retinoids give the most effective outcomes for acne. Currently, adapalene (Differin) is offered over the counter as a retinoid. If it does not help you, more powerful topical retinoids are readily available by prescription from your skin doctor.

types of acne
Types of Acne

Inflammatory acne

Acne that is red as well as inflamed is described as inflammatory acne.

Although sebum and dead skin cells add to inflammatory acne, germs can also clog pores. Microorganisms can create an infection deep beneath the skin’s surface. This may cause agonizing acne places that are tough to eliminate.

Products including benzoyl-peroxide may help in reducing swelling and getting rid of microorganisms within the skin. These can additionally remove excess sebum. Your doctor might prescribe either a dental or topical antibiotic together with benzoyl-peroxide to treat your inflammatory acne. Topical retinoids are likewise a vital part of combatting inflammatory papules as well as pustules.


Pimples occur when the wall surfaces surrounding your pores damage down from severe swelling. This results in complex stopped-up pores that hurt to the touch.


Pustules can also develop when the walls around your pores break down. Unlike pimples, spots are filled with pus. These bumps appear from the skin well as are usually red. They typically have yellow or whiteheads on the top.


Nodules occur when clogged, swollen pores sustain irritation and also grow more prominent. Unlike pustules as well as papules, blemishes are much deeper below the skin.

Since nodules are so deep within the skin, you can not typically treat them in the house. Prescription medication is needed to assist remove these up.

Your medical professional or skin doctor will likely recommend the oral drug isotretinoin (Sotret). This is made from a kind of vitamin An and is taken daily for 4 to six months. It can treat as well as stop nodules by reducing oil gland size within the pores.


Cysts can create when pores are obstructed by a combination of microorganisms, sebum, and also dead skin cells. The blockages occur deep within the skin and are further listed below the surface area than nodules.

These large red or white bumps are commonly excruciating to the touch. Cysts are a significant kind of acne, as well as their formation usually arises from a severe infection. This kind of acne is likewise the most likely to scar.

The prescription medicine isotretinoin (Sotret) is typically utilized to treat cysts. In severe cases, your skin doctor might operatively remove a cyst.

How severe is every type of acne?

Whiteheads and Blackheads are the simplest forms of acne. These can, in some cases, be cleared up with OTC topical medicines, such as salicylic acid-based printer toners or benzoyl-peroxide place treatments. If they do not react to OTC medicines, comedones are easily treated with topical retinoids. There is also one type of retinoid, referred to as adapalene, which is now offered over-the-counter. It’s highly efficient in removing blackheads as well as whiteheads.

Pustules and papules are much more subtle forms of acne. These may or may not get cleared up with OTC meds. Prevalent modest acne might call for an oral or topical prescription from a skin doctor.

Nodules and also cysts are the most severe type of acne. It would help if you saw a skin doctor to clear up severe acne. Choosing or popping nodules and also cysts can cause marks.

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